Demography, health and ageing
In this MEDPRO Policy Paper, four population scenarios were derived that describe indicators of demographic behaviour for people living in different future political-economic contexts. The paper explores future trends in i) population growth at regional and national levels, ii) working age populations, and iii) elderly populations.
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This MEDPRO project report describes four population growth scenarios for 11 countries in the Mediterranean region, using the MEDPRO economic-political development framework to consider how indicators of fertility, mortality, and international migration might change if people in these countries were to live in different macro-economic and political contexts. The paper also reflects on the results obtained in light of recent political developments in the region.
The Mediterranean countries under consideration are already in a process of demographic transition with the decline of youth population. This poses serious challenges to policymakers given the fact that most of the economies under consideration have failed to provide either employment for the current active workforce and employment perspectives for those who will enter the job market in the next decades.